I ran into a situation today, whereby I had created a git reposiotry for a new ASP.net MVC web application I am developing. I had created a git repository and only after a couple of days of development had I realised I need to include a few more file extensions to my .gitignore file.
There were a whole host of files that I need to configure git to ignore, but unfortunately these files were already in my local git repository and had already been synced to my GitHub repository. I needed to be able to remove ignored files from git repository.
I updated my .gitignore file with all the additional extensions
## Ignore Visual Studio temporary files, build results, and ## files generated by popular Visual Studio add-ons. # User-specific files *.suo *.user *.sln.docstates # Build results [Dd]ebug/ [Dd]ebugPublic/ [Rr]elease/ [Rr]eleases/ x64/ x86/ build/ bld/ [Bb]in/ [Oo]bj/ # Roslyn cache directories *.ide/ # MSTest test Results [Tt]est[Rr]esult*/ [Bb]uild[Ll]og.* #NUNIT *.VisualState.xml TestResult.xml # Build Results of an ATL Project [Dd]ebugPS/ [Rr]eleasePS/ dlldata.c *_i.c *_p.c *_i.h *.ilk *.meta *.obj *.pch *.pdb *.pgc *.pgd *.rsp *.sbr *.tlb *.tli *.tlh *.tmp *.tmp_proj *.log *.vspscc *.vssscc .builds *.pidb *.svclog *.scc # Chutzpah Test files _Chutzpah* # Visual C++ cache files ipch/ *.aps *.ncb *.opensdf *.sdf *.cachefile # Visual Studio profiler *.psess *.vsp *.vspx # TFS 2012 Local Workspace $tf/ # Guidance Automation Toolkit *.gpState # ReSharper is a .NET coding add-in _ReSharper*/ *.[Rr]e[Ss]harper *.DotSettings.user # JustCode is a .NET coding addin-in .JustCode # TeamCity is a build add-in _TeamCity* # DotCover is a Code Coverage Tool *.dotCover # NCrunch _NCrunch_* .*crunch*.local.xml # MightyMoose *.mm.* AutoTest.Net/ # Web workbench (sass) .sass-cache/ # Installshield output folder [Ee]xpress/ # DocProject is a documentation generator add-in DocProject/buildhelp/ DocProject/Help/*.HxT DocProject/Help/*.HxC DocProject/Help/*.hhc DocProject/Help/*.hhk DocProject/Help/*.hhp DocProject/Help/Html2 DocProject/Help/html # Click-Once directory publish/ # Publish Web Output *.[Pp]ublish.xml *.azurePubxml # TODO: Comment the next line if you want to checkin your web deploy settings # but database connection strings (with potential passwords) will be unencrypted *.pubxml *.publishproj # NuGet Packages *.nupkg # The packages folder can be ignored because of Package Restore **/packages/* # except build/, which is used as an MSBuild target. !**/packages/build/ # If using the old MSBuild-Integrated Package Restore, uncomment this: #!**/packages/repositories.config # Windows Azure Build Output csx/ *.build.csdef # Windows Store app package directory AppPackages/ # Others sql/ *.Cache ClientBin/ [Ss]tyle[Cc]op.* ~$* *~ *.dbmdl *.dbproj.schemaview *.pfx *.publishsettings node_modules/ # RIA/Silverlight projects Generated_Code/ # Backup & report files from converting an old project file # to a newer Visual Studio version. Backup files are not needed, # because we have git ;-) _UpgradeReport_Files/ Backup*/ UpgradeLog*.XML UpgradeLog*.htm # SQL Server files *.mdf *.ldf # Business Intelligence projects *.rdl.data *.bim.layout *.bim_*.settings # Microsoft Fakes FakesAssemblies/ /packages Status API Training Shop Blog About Pricing
The downside is that adding new extensions to your .gitignore file will not enforce a retrospective action to remove these files on your next commit 🙂
What I needed to do in my case was execute the following commands using the Git Bash :
git rm -r --cached . git add . git commit -am "Remove ignored files and resubmitting files"
Once this was complete I had to then re-synchronize with the Github repository.